Career, Scope and Opportunities in Soil Scientist

By | October 13, 2020
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Soil Scientist

The scientist who studies the soil and the information related to it for understanding its resources is called a Soil Scientist. He examines the few top layers of the Earth’s crust to understand its physical and chemical properties; distribution, origin and morphology; and biological components. He needs to be strong in physics, biological science, and mathematics. One should have university degree in Soil Science or agriculture, earth science, etc and additionally he should have knowledge on soil forming factors, and soil morphology, soil physics, soil chemistry, and soil biology, and the dynamic interaction of these areas. Soil Scientists are responsible for evaluating soil conditions and help farmers, builders, and environmentalists decide how the advantage can be taken of local soils.

soil scientist

Key to Success

To be successful as a Soil Scientist you should have/ develop:

  •   Keen observation
  •   Adaptability to new techniques
  •   Critical Thinking

Scope and opportunities

Soil Scientists who work for the federal government directs soil estimation, classifying and mapping soils. Regular information and recommendations are given to farmers and other landowners of taking full advantage of land, and plants to avoid or to solve problems, such as erosion.  A soil scientist collects soil data, consults, and investigates evaluates interprets, planning or inspection relating to soil science. One has opportunities in the research related to the resources and based on this research one has make recommendations.

Lifestyle & Social Status

  • Indoor as well as outdoor
  • Dirty the hands in soil
  • Gathering samples
  • Working in the farms in all weather conditions

Job Profile

  • Agricultural Soil Scientist: Main area of focus is on the framing conditions of the soil. They work as farm advisors, crop consultants, or representatives of agricultural companies.
  • Environmental Soil Scientist: These soil scientists focus on the soil’s function for a healthy environment. They often work in environmental positions dealing with the quality of water, treatments of contamination, or for on-site evaluation of soil properties in construction, waste disposal, or recreational facilities.

Skill sets

  •  Innovation
  • Research skills
  • Science skills – Chemistry, Biology
  • Mathematical skills

Work Value

  • Challenging
  • Autonomy
  • Work with his (or her) hands

Current Job Scenario

The salary varies according to the research fellowship offered by the university. After clearing the NET/SET one gets high JRF but if one does not crack the NET/SET the salary varies from Rs.12,000/- to Rs. 14,000/-PM.

Top Recruiters


Agriculture institutes


Course Synopsis

Course Options B.Sc. (Agriculture) B.Tech Agriculture M.Sc -Soil Science
Academic Eligibility 10+2 with biology, maths and chemistry 10+2 with biology, maths and chemistry 50% aggregate marks in B.Sc. Agriculture
Fees Rs. 20K to Rs. 30K per annum Rs. 40K to Rs. 50K Rs. 25K to Rs. 35K
Expenditure in Metro and Tier-1 Rs. 2 Lakhs to Rs. 2.5 Lakhs Rs. 2 Lakhs to Rs. 2.5 Lakhs Rs. 2 Lakhs to Rs. 2.5 Lakhs
Expenditure in Tier-2 Rs. 1.25 – Rs. 1.75 Lakhs Rs. 1.25 – Rs. 1.75 Lakhs Rs. 1.25 – Rs. 1.75 Lakhs
Duration 3/4 Years 4 Years 2 Years
Mode Regular Regular Regular
Specialization  Soil Science Soil Science Soil Science
Approved UGC UGC UGC
Affiliation Respective University Respective University Respective University
Entrance Exam   Yes  
Education Loan      

Career prospect

  1. Plant scientist
  2. Rural practice surveyor
  3. Soill scientist
  4. Agricultural consultant
  5. Service sector job
  6. Corporation
  7. Self-employed
  8. Agricultural management

Entrance Exam

All India Level


State Level

  • Punjab Agricultural University Entrance Exam
  • ·         MP PAT
  • ·         JCECE

Success stories

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