Monthly Archives: June 2014

Career in forensic science

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Now a day’s lot many bright students are looking for some good options apart from conventional medical or engineering. The reasons are many, I do not want to go in to the rate race, everybody aspires to be a doctor or an engineer I want to do something different, I like biology and chemistry too but I don’t want to become a doctor there is no family or personal life for doctor etc. If you happen to be one of them who like biology and chemistry too then here’s a very good emerging career option in India for you, Career in forensic science. It’s a off beat career option.

Forensic Science

What is it?

In simple word Forensic science is the application of science to the law.  Wherever and whenever there is crime the need for forensic scientists becomes arise.

They are involved in the search and examination of physical traces which might be useful for establishing or excluding an association between someone suspected of committing a crime and the scene of the crime or victim.

What they do?

Collect and study blood and other body fluids, hairs, textile fibers from clothing, materials used in building such as paint and glass, footwear, tool and tyre marks, flammable substances used to start fires etc.  They may be required to visit the crime scene to advise about likely sequence of events, any indicators as to who the person responsible for might be, and to join in the initial search for evidence.  Other forensic scientists analyse suspected drugs of abuse, specimens from people thought to have taken them or to have been driving after drinking too much alcohol, or to have been poisoned.  You can also specialise in firearms, explosives, or documents whose authenticity is questioned.

Forensic Science activity

Career opportunities

The majority of forensic scientists are employed by police department.  Another option, there are  number of other organisations like insurance companies which focus on specific areas of forensic science such as fire investigation, accidents and authenticity of documents.

Govt. Sector Jobs: Central Govt. Forensic Sciences Labs, State FSL’s, GEQD, Police Department, Crime Branches, CBI, CID, Regional Forensic Science Laboratories, Intelligence Bureau, Banks, Defense / Army, Courts, Quality Control Bureau, Narcotics Dept, Universities, Hospitals, Organizations etc…

Private Sector Jobs: Private Detective Agencies, Private Banks, Insurance Companies, Universities, Private Hospitals, Security Services Agencies, Helpful to Lawyers / Advocates, Law Firms, Private Companies, Own Private Practice etc…

Job Titles / Posts: Forensic Expert, Forensic Scientist, Forensic Investigator, Crime Scene Investigator, Handwriting Expert, Document Expert, Document Examiner, Fraud Examiner, Forensic Analyst, Scientific Officer, Security Expert, Forensic Consultant, Detective, Investigating Officer, Teacher / Professor, Crime Reporter, Forensic Engineer, Forensic Psychologist, Fingerprint Expert, Law Consultant, Government Examiner, Instructor, Genetics Experts, Environment Analyst, Technicians, Forensic Medical Examiners, Technician etc…

How to become a forensic scientist

Academic requirements

A 12th standard with biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics will be a good start. If you miss at graduation level but are still interested to build your career in this area you can opt for Post graduation in forensic science provided you have opted degree in either biology or chemistry.

Some of the institutes providing forensic science courses in India

  • Government Institute of Forensic Science at MumbaiAurangabad – B. Sc. Forensic Science
  • LNJN National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science, Delhi – M.Sc. Forensic Science

(Reference – http://www.forensic-science-society.org.uk/Careers and http://www.forensiceducation.co.in/course.benefits.html)

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Career as User Experience Designer

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What is it?

User experience design (UXD or UED) is the process of enhancing customer satisfaction and loyalty by improving the usability, ease of use, and pleasure provided in the interaction between the customer and the product. User experience design encompasses traditional human-computer interaction (HCI) design, and extends it by addressing all aspects of a product or service as perceived by users. User experience is any aspect of a person’s interaction with a given IT system, including the interface, graphics, industrial design, physical interaction, and the manual.

user-experience-design

Career as User Experience Designer : User interface designer, user-experience researcher, user experience designer, usability analyst, information architect, usability engineer, application developer, interaction designer, Web developer, human factors engineer, software developer they all refer to one single career – career in User experience design.

How to get started? Learning and Practice

Learning – Apart from good knowledge of web designing and software design a Program in Human Computer Interactions offered by, The Industrial Design Centre in IIT Bombay will be a good start if you are looking for career in User experience design. The Human Computer Interaction (HCI) specialisation prepares students to address human needs with technology by determining useful system functionality and by designing usable interfaces, considering the context of the individual and/or organisation.

Factors that Influence UX (source- http://www.usability.gov/what-and-why/user-experience.html)

At the core of UX is ensuring that users find value in what you are providing to them.  Peter Morville represents this through his User Experience Honeycomb .

User Experience Honeycomb

 

He notes that in order for there to be a meaningful and valuable user experience, information must be:

  • Useful: Your content should be original and fulfill a need
  • Usable: Site must be easy to use
  • Desirable: Image, identity, brand, and other design elements are used to evoke emotion and appreciation
  • Findable: Content needs to be navigable and locatable onsite and offsite
  • Accessible: Content needs to be accessible to people with disabilities
  • Credible: Users must trust and believe what you tell them

Practice – Get practical experience as an intern on at least one live project there is no better way to learn than working on the live project. Watch, take notes and participate, at the end of each day keep your questions ready and get the answers for the same.

The big names employing user experience designer are:

  • Apple
  • Google
  • Facebook
  • Nokia
  • Motorola
  • Microsoft
  • SAP Labs, India
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Career in Photography

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Photography is a creative medium of expression and has given a new way of perceiving the world. Photography is a unique and creative medium of self-expression. With the explosion in mass communication and media, photography has become an important medium of communication. It plays a major role in education, publicity, industries, scientific and technical researches.

Courses:

  •     B.A. In Photography.
  •     Diploma course in Creative Photography.
  •     Diploma course in Photography.

Stunning-Digital-Camera-HD-Wallpaper

Eligibility: 

Candidates who have cleared the 10+2 exam are eligible for diploma/ certificate courses in photography. In India Photography Course is also offered as an optional subject for a bachelor’s degree in fine arts.

Career Prospects:

There is no clear cut career graph for professional photography. A photographer’s prospects depend entirely upon his/her ability and previous work done. However, opportunities in the field of photography are plenty. Freelancing is very popular among a large number of photographers. Many opportunities are presented by advertising agencies. Newspapers and magazines also provide a platform to the professionals. For a real good photographer, sky is the limit.

Scope of Photography: 

Professional Photography course involves various areas. Some of these are,

  • Fashion Photography: Opportunities in the field have grown with the increasing fashion awareness. Specialist studios or freelancers who are commissioned by fashion houses, designers or advertising agencies, do most of the fashion photography.
  • Photo Journalism: Photographers, who work for the print media, are almost reporters, because their pictures tell a story. Feature photographers may work with reporters as a team or as a freelancer or work for studios. The work is varied and leads to assignments at any time and in any place. Press photographers must be versatile with an ability to photograph all kinds of subjects.
  • Advertising: Advertising photographs are either taken by the photography departments of advertising agencies, by photographic studios or by freelance photographers. A large number of photographers do catalogue work, while some studios specialize in ‘mail order’ photography. This is the best-paid and most competitive branch. Success depends on ability, efficiency and also on the right personality.
  • Digital Photography: Digital photography involves the use of a digital camera. The images are captured on a disk, floppy or directly on to the computer. In conventional method of photography the images were captured on film, which had to be processed and then scanned for any further changes or effects that the image may need.
  • Nature and Wildlife Photography: This field involves taking photographs of animals, birds, plants and landscapes. While photos of rare species are in great demand, nature photographs are also widely used as pictures for calendars or covers. Sunsets, flowers, trees, lakes, waterfalls… all make interesting subjects for a nature photographer.
  • Industrial and Commercial Photography: Here, a photographer takes pictures of merchandise, exteriors and interiors of factories and machinery, both indoors and outdoors to be used for company brochures, annual reports and in advertising and selling. The main objective is to make the company’s factories, machines or products look good. This area of photography requires specialization.
  • Portrait and Wedding Photographers: Photographers take pictures of individuals or small groups, handling subjects like pets, children, families, weddings, functions and activities of sports and social clubs.

Job Prospects:

  •     Press photographers(photojournalists).
  •     Editorial Photographers.
  •     Commercial/Industrial photographer.
  •     Portrait/wedding photographers.
  •     Fine arts photographers.

Remuneration: 

In India Photography as a field has no particular or fixed career and salary structure. One has to be very brave to start off as a freelancer. One can start as assistant photographers in which pay would be Rs. 3500 to Rs. 6000. Once you are established, you would be paid as per the assignment. The range can be from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 30,000. Fields like commercial photography pay higher compared to the other fields i.e. Rs. 15,000 which may grow over a period of time.

List of Photography Institutes In India: Quite a large number of institutions are now offering courses in photography. Some of the prominent institutions offering Diploma and Certificate courses in photography are listed below:

  •     NIFT (Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore).
  •     Xavier Institute of communications, Mumbai.
  •     Film and Television Institute of India, Pune.
  •     Film and Television Institute of Tamilnadu.
  •     Jawaharlal Technological University, Hyderabad
  •     Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institutes, Kolkata.
  •     Institute of Film and Technology, Chennai.
  •     India International Photographic council, New Dehli.
  •     Academy of Photography, Kolkata.

Diploma Courses (one year):

  1.     Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi – 221002.
  2.     Ravishankar University, Raipur – 492010.
  3.     Sri Venkateshwara University, Tirupati – 517502.
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Career in Market Research

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Did you choose marketing as your main subject for graduation and thinking about what I should do different apart from the conventional sales and marketing job? Here is a good option for you, Career in market research.

Market-research-methods

What is it?

Market research is the process of collecting valuable information to help you find out if there is a market for your proposed product or service. The information gathered from market research helps budding entrepreneurs make wise and profitable business decisions.

Opportunities in marketing research are global in nature and call for a rich understanding of market culture and quantitative approaches. Market research is considered to be the fastest growing occupational categories today. The Indian market research industry revenue is around Rs 1000 crore and growing upwards year by year.

Scope for Market Research in India - 

  • With the current stable government at center the economy is back on the growth and the picture seems to be rosy for the next five years.
  • As the markets are getting more complex and competitive the need to appoint marketing research company will grow.

Ho you can enter this area?

To start with a BBA or B.com with marketing degree will be a good thing, though not mandatory. At Post graduation level there are course available at MBA or PGDBM level in Marketing Research.

What are the skills sets required?

  • Creative ability: High
  • Analytical skills: Very High
  • Ability to synthesize information and make decisions based on it: Very High
  • People skills: Medium
  • Sales skills: Medium
  • Communication skills: High
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Employability of Indian Graduates

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Today I entered this simple question in Google search “how many students graduate every year in India?”

Here are some of the interesting facts which came to my notice-

  • 50 per cent of Indian graduates not fit to be hired: report (ndtv.com)
  • India Graduates Millions, but Too Few Are Fit to Hire (The Wall Street Journal online. wsj.com)
  • A million engineers in India struggling to get placed in an extremely challenging market (economictimes.indiatimes.com)
  • Nearly 47 per cent graduates in India unemployable (thehindu.com)
  • Less than 11 per cent of hotel management graduates ‘employable’ (economictimes.indiatimes.com) 

Clipart Illustration of a Group Of Businessmen In Colorful Shirts, Carrying Briefcases And Holding Their Resumes Up At A Job Interview

Why I searched for this has some reason. Every year from March end to August mid, I happen to meet around 500 students and their parents, all seeking for career advice. Why this period, March end to August mid?

Across India the examinations for10th and 12th standards are over and results start coming out from mid May onwards. Students and their parents are frantically going through the admission process, free seat, paid seat, with donation or without donation just grab it.

Graduate ki degree jo leni hai bhai. Ek bar graduate ban jao, fir life set hai Boss!

Secondly by June end onwards the final year degree results will start coming out and

The Fact is – On an average more than 50 lakh students graduate every year in India,  a three, four or five years of degree after 12th standard from all the streams. More than 75%+ students are entering the job market and ‘Nearly 47 per cent graduates in India unemployable (thehindu.com)’.

So what is the root cause? Why almost 50% of the students are unemployable? To understand that let us have a look at what are employability skills?

Employability skills are general skills that are needed to get most jobs, but they also help you to stay in a job and work your way to the top. While there will always be some job-specific skills that an employer is looking for, most employers will also want you to have some general skills (Source google.com)

It talks about two areas one being the job-specific skills and the second general skills.

To me why students lack job-specific skills is because of these two reasons – Our education systems is more academic oriented. It gives more thrust on acquiring bookish knowledge rather that understanding and using its application. The picture is slowly changing, but there needs to be a perfect balance in these two. Secondly there is Myth – in our Indian culture we have strong beliefs that – acquire a degree and you will get a job. What degree? It doesn’t matter just become a graduate. While pursuing the degree students seldom give thought about what job specific skills they must acquire so that they have a better chance of employment.

Now let’s have a look at general skills. What are they? The skills employers want

  • Communication – Both written as well as oral
  • Teamwork – Good social skills
  • Problem solving – Logical thinking
  • Basic Numeracy – Numerical ability
  • Leadership – Go get together attitude
  • Adaptability – For new ideas, situations, technology
  • Creativity –Out of the box thinking
  • IT- general proficiency in MS office and computer hardware

These skills are not taught as a special curriculum in our academic years. They need to be acquired. Here most of our graduate students fail. Now a days in colleges and by various soft skills or job-ready skills institutions these skills are taught. To me it is a very late start. The graduate students are almost around 20 years of age. If they are not good enough in any of the above or all of the above general skills at this stage how they are going to fit in the job world?

Solution – Acquiring suck skills is an ongoing process and if one starts early, definitely he will have an edge over others. So if the students and especially their parents start identifying where they/their child stand in these and based upon this self knowledge start building upon it, no matter in what stream they have their degree, and become employable.

At Careerfutura, we have specialised psychometric test at every stage of the students, maybe he is in 8th standard or about to graduate. These tests identify where the students stand in all the general skills mentioned above and also help in choosing the correct stream/career path. Remember diagnostic is always better than cure.

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How can parents facilitate the healthy growth of their children

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Children are what their parents make them. Right parenting is utmost necessary for bright future of students. When I see a problem behaviour in children, I am rest assured; I will find its roots in the parents. Parenting is not only about creating a successful child but to develop your child into a positive, peaceful and stable soul that could make a happy and healthy life.

Here are some quick Do’s and Don’ts on Parenting:

1)      Do not label your child. E.g. – you are an idiot, you will not be able to do it, and it’s not your cup of tea. It demolishes potential of the child. When told over and over again, the child starts to believe it so and growth of child stops.

2)      Healthy home environment is a must. Do not pressurize them all time.

3)      Competition of each child is with self. Never compare them with others.  A child always should try and beat his own last records.

Tips for patents

4)      Believe in your child. Trust their convictions.

5)      Positive reinforcement is a must for their growth and healthy development.

6)      Set realistic goals that they can accomplish. Failures from unrealistic goals will only de-motivate them.

7)      One of the basic principles of child Psychology is to boost your child’s self esteem. Low self esteem affects performance and efficiency.

8)      If parents are themselves carried away by distractions, they are not in a position to lecture their children for the same. You will have to control yourself first. Sacrifice is the biggest key to successful parenting. You can only preach what you yourself practice.

9)      Give your child the autonomy to decide for themselves. They know what they want. What parents need is to trust them.

10)   It is very important for parents to aid children in developing a positive self image for themselves.

11)   Say positive, not negative terms to motivate them even if circumstances are not favorable. Example: preparation for exams is insufficient, you will never be able make it, you company is bad, I don’t like taste, etc.

12)   The best teacher in life is experience. Let children learn from their own experiences. Brain development depends on stimulation. Let them gather experiences. Allow them to play, handle stuff, manipulate objects, etc.

13)   Children develop attitudes/ habits by imitating elders. Be cautious of your behavior in front of them. They pick up behaviors’/words from you. Right values have to be imbibed by you.

14)   Respect for each other is what children should see between his parents. Children learn what they see in their parents. If they see parents humiliating each other, they will get this as a way of life.

15)   Sit with your child. Spend some quality time together. Interact with each other. Share each other’s experiences.

16)   When your child does something against your liking, be very clear when you scold them. Let them know that it is that problem behavior and not your child that you don’t like. Very young children start feeling that that they are not loved and wanted by their own parents and hence, they start to shrink within.

Above all. Love them. Locate their potential and find the light in them.

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Future of Service Sector in India

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The services sector is measure ( change measure to major) contributor in the Indian economy. The sector, accounts for 60 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and is growing on a steady speed.

Service - idustryThe Indian service industry has emerged as one of the largest and fastest-growing sectors on the global platform and made sizeable contribution towards global output and employment. This sector is growing at faster pace as compared to agriculture and manufacturing sectors. Indian service segment comprises of wide range of activities, such as

I.            Trade

II.            Hotels and restaurants

III.            Transport including tourist assistance activities as well as activities of travel agencies and tour operators

IV.            Storage of goods and commodities

V.            Communication – Mobile and Internet

VI.            Banking and Insurance

VII.            Real estate

  1. Business services including accounting; software development; data processing services; business and management consultancy; architectural, engineering and other technical consultancy

IX.            Advertisement

X.            Entertainment and Multi media

XI.            Public administration and defence

XII.            Other services including education, medical and health, legal services

The Road Ahead

The services sectorisgoing to mark immense growth in the years to come.

Industry body CII projects the growth rate for Indian insurance industry in 2013-14 at around 5 per cent. Increasing the FDI limit from 26 per cent to 49 per cent in the sector is being viewed as a major factor to push the insurance density in India.

Furthermore, Indian banking system has majorly underwent (change underwent to undergone)revamp and modernisation over a last few years. The new infrastructure adopted by the banking system is mainly comprised of information technology (IT) products and services.

Recently on April 1 2014, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) announced its decision to award ‘in-principle’ approval to two applicants, IDFC Limited and Bandhan Financial Services Private Ltd., to set up banks.Each new banking entity is likely to create up to 5,000 jobs in the next 1 or 2 years.

Another measure (change to major) contributor in the service sector is Information Technology – Information Technology Enabled Services (IT-ITeS) sector which is undergoing rapid evolution and is changing the shape of Indian business standards. This sector includes software development, consultancies, software management; online services and business process outsourcing (BPO) India’s IT exports are now around $70 billion with 2.8 million employees working in this sector. The article states that the IT sector is one of the top two industries in the country today.

Word of Caution -Though theIT firms that have been the biggest employers of graduate especially engineering talent till recently they are sharply reducing their intake on account of automation of lower-end processes, and a move to higher-end work.

What is required for entering in to this sector?

Apart from your educational background and job specific skills you must have the following skills in you if you want to enter in to this sector

The top five skills the employer will look in you are

1. Business expertise: This is about knowledge of how a business or industry works.

2. Communication: This covers verbal and written communication, and listening skills.

3. Teamwork: You’ll need to prove that you’re a team player but also have the ability to manage and lead the team.

4. Problem solving: You need to display an ability to take a logical and analytical approach to solving problems and resolving issues.

5. Ability to work under pressure: This is about keeping calm in a crisis and not becoming too overwhelmed or stressed.

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Career in Merchant Navy

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There are clear advantages and few disadvantages in the career of merchant navy.

After 12th science with PCM, you can give all India entrance for T.S Chanakya and you are trained there for off shore and on shore. 

merchant navy

Otherwise B.Sc Nautical Science is a rather costly way to complete same type of training in a private institute. Travelling around the world, meeting various people from various countries and a hefty pay package from day one are the advantages. On the other hand away from family for months, not able to be on shore and required to mix with people of different cultures and religions can be a challenge and may lead to back out from this profession.

After successful training and one short voyage you can appear for first examination to officially enter into executive branch of Merchant Navy: 3rd mate exam, successfully 2nd, 1st mate and the chief and the captain exams are to be cleared, which takes usually a decade.

Navigating the ship in any good or bad weather condition is not an easy task. It needs weather, ocean, technology understanding based on mathematics. This is a challenging also rewarding career for those who want to take adventures on their stride.

Great sailors of history

  • Vasco da Gama
  • Christopher Columbus

 

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Career in Interior Design

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Interior design describes a group of various yet related projects that involve turning an interior space into an “effective setting for the range of human activities” that are to take place there. An interior designer is someone who coordinates and manages such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, communicating with the stakeholders of a project and the management and execution of the design. (Source Wikipedia)

Interior DesignAttractive, decorative, fancy and space saving. Decor is the necessity of any home, work place, or public place. Here comes interior designing into the picture. In old days, creative architects, and civil engineers were involved in this work.  Now short courses allow you to learn and enter into this arena. After 10th and 12th any branch you can start with one year certificate course. If you seem to be interested in it then you can go for diploma, advance diploma and further. Usually apart from learning experience, practice is the key to success.

After learning you have to work as a trainee under some experienced interior designer. During this period please do not expect a pay package. Usually interior designers are not employed but they work on freelance percentage basis.

What are the key requirements?

Good communication skill and your own network are most important. If you are reasonable at drawing, scaling and have an aesthetic sense then you can do such courses even while doing your undergraduate degree in arts or commerce. Those who utilize photo shop on computers get a good advantage to show their designs to customer. Therefore knowledge of such technical things also matter in this career.

Videos references :-

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Careers in the Biology

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Do you love Biology? Then read on!

Pursuing careers with biology as a main subject can be very rewarding and exciting.  The Subject Biology covers a vast range of potential career paths. Everything that has life on this earth is a part of biology. You will be studying the evolution, conservation of plants and animals; investigate the interactions of living organisms with the environment, or each other; and can pursue careers in pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, or medical research.career in biology

You will learn about the natural world in which we live and help people to address issues of personal well being as well as worldwide concern like – environmental degradation, threats to human health, and how to produce and maintain viable and abundant food supplies and making available pure drinking water to all.

What are the career paths?

The list of career paths with Biology as a main subject is vast. Here we will look at some of the most popular career paths in Biology. Each of these career paths may lead into more specialised job positions based on your specific area of interest and education. Due to the very scientific and specialised knowledge required for biological careers, most of the career paths require a minimum of a bachelor’s degree, although pursuing post graduation or having a Ph.D will enhance your job opportunities to a great extent.

Human Life

Humans are obviously part of the study of life, and as a result, lot many people interested in biology pursues careers within the medical or health areas. Here are a few of the most popular medical and health care careers:

  • Physician
  • Nurse
  • Surgeon
  • Dentist
  • Physiotherapist
  • Nutritionist and Dietician
  • Pharmacist
  • Lab technician
  • Forensic scientist
  • Pathologist

To be in any of the area you will require a Diploma or a post graduate education to start with. Each of these job positions requires a keen knowledge of the human body, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry. In the medical field you will be required to work closely with patients to help diagnose, treat injuries or illnesses and prevent illnesses.

Animal Life

Just like the medical field, careers in animal science require an understanding of biology with a keen focus on the animals. There are almost unlimited possibilities when looking at career options within animal science. A few possible careers include:

  • Veterinarian
  • Zoologist
  • Marine science
  • Wildlife Conservation
  • Fisheries science
  • Animal trainer

 

Plant Life

In addition to human and animal life, the biology subject also covers a vast are about another leaving species on the earth which is plants. Some of the careers related to plant life include:

  • Agricultural
  • Food Science
  • Botanist
  • Forest service
  • Horticulturist 

It is true that many of these positions require an advanced degree, if you love and the subject Biology really interests you then, you could use your love of plants and start your own plant nursery, carry out farming of crops, fruits, flowers or even animals too or try your hand in landscaping development, this is just a hint, you can find lot many options similar to these.

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